Expanding upon the findings of 2013-2015, this research seeks to:

1) Determine the interactive effects of transplant time of year, size of cultured seed, and type/orientation of predator exclusion netting on the growth and survival of cultured juveniles of Arctic surfclams in pilot and commercial-scale field trials in eastern Maine

2) Determine the interactive effects of geographic location and sampling date on bioaccumulation of paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs), and to determine the rate of biotoxin depuration in the lab of animals challenged with bloom levels of the toxic dinoflagellate, Alexandrium fundyense.

3) Demonstrate aquaculture technologies, and provide training for fishermen and other entrepreneurs in aquaculture production methods focused on culturing Arctic surfclams.

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